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About High Blood Pressure

What is High Blood Pressure?

  • Blood pressure is the force pushing against the walls of blood vessels (arties, aorta, and capillaries) as blood runs through them. High blood pressure happens when the force that is pushing against the blood vessel wall great or excessive. High Blood Pressure is also called Hypertension (High-per-ten-shun)
  • Video from Health experts-

Why does it matter- Consequences:

  • If you have high blood pressure and do not treat it, you are at a greater risk for cardiovascular disease, which can affect your quality of life or end in premature death.
  • Think of the pipes in your house, if the water pressure is running on high through those pipes, the inner lining of your pipes will be damaged over time.
  • High blood pressure not only makes your heart work harder to pump blood through the body but also hardens and damages the blood vessel walls.

Below is a list of some major health problems that can occur as a result of high blood

Heart Failure, Heart Attack, Stroke, Blindness, and kidney diseas

    QUIZ: Damage from High Blood pressure result in higher risk for:

a. Heart Failure
b. Heart Attack
c. Stroke
d. Kidney Disease
e. All of the Above

How do I know if I have high blood pressure (symptoms)

  • People often refer to high blood pressure as the “Silent Killer” because there are no symptoms.
  • Unlike the flu or a broken leg, you will not feel any signs that tell you that your blood pressure is high. Regular doctor visits are needed to detect if your blood pressure is high.

HTN Specialist Directory

    QUIZ: Why is High Blood Pressure called a silent killer?

a. Because you cannot feel symptoms that tell you that your blood pressure is high.
b. Because high blood pressure affects your hearing.
c. do not know

Blood pressure measurements can be taken at a doctor’s office or at home using a home blood pressure monitor. It is important that you visit a doctor at least once a year to get your blood pressure checked. (click here for more information of home blood pressure monitoring—HOME BP SECTION)


If you are 75 and have a high top number (systolic) blood pressure of 165 mmHg and a low diastolic (bottom number) of 90mmHg, should you be concerned?

a. No, because my diastolic (bottom number) is 90 and is considered low for a person my age, even though my systolic (top number) is high.
b. Yes, because my systolic (top number) is high, even though my diastolic (bottom number) is low.
c. I do not know.

Throughout the day, your blood pressure rises and drops depending on the time of the day, stress, activity, mood, etc. While most healthy adults should aim to have measurement less than 120/80, blood pressure is not a one size fits all measurement. These tables provide a guide to understanding blood pressure readings

Table for Adults without end organ damage
Table for Adults with end organ damage (need guidelines for this class of patient)

Who is at risk:

Several day-to-day occurrences can cause your blood pressure to rise and fall throughout the day. But certain factors can cause your blood pressure to rise regularly, which negatively affects your health. Some of these factor are:

  • Age (Link to Risk Factors)
  • Race/Ethnicity (Link to Risk Factors)
  • Obesity or being overweight (Link to Risk Factors)
  • Too much sodium/Salt consumption (Link to Risk Factors)
  • Not eating enough fruits and vegetables (Link to Risk Factors)
  • Not getting enough potassium from your daily diet (Link to Risk Factors)
  • Drinking too much alcohol (Link to Risk Factors)
  • Chronic Kidney Disease (Link to Risk Factors)
  • Sleep Apnea (Link to Risk Factors)
  • Thyroid or parathyroid disease (Link to Risk Factors)

What can you do:

  • The good news is that high blood pressure is a preventable disease and you have the power to take control of your health.
  • Weight Reduction- link to lifestyle section
  • Adopt DASH Eating plan- link to lifestyle section
  • Dietary Sodium Reduction- link to lifestyle section
  • Physical Activity- link to lifestyle section
  • Moderate alcohol consumption- link to lifestyle section

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