Special Populations and Special Cases


While high blood pressure can affect anyone, some groups of people are at a higher risk for developing high blood pressure. Other factors, such as cultural norms, diet, socio-economic status, and environment, can all affect a person’s risk for developing high blood pressure:

  • African Americans: Studies have shown that African American Men in the United States are at the highest risk for developing problems with high blood pressure.
    • African Americans have a higher risk of having high blood pressure, have higher blood pressure numbers, and develop it at an earlier age than other racial groups.

  • Women: Women are more than men to know if they have high blood pressure, get it treated, and under control. During pregnancy women are at risk for developing hypertension, which is called preeclampsia.
    • If you are pregnant or are considering becoming pregnant, ask your doctor about preeclampsia and your risk for having high blood pressure during pregnancy.

  • Men: Men are less likely to know that they have high blood pressure and also less likely to get treated for high blood pressure and get it under control.

  • Children: Children are not generally considered at risk for developing high blood pressure issues, but with the increase in childhood obesity and overweight children, high blood pressure among children and adolescents is becoming more and more of a problem. If a child or adolescent in your family is overweight or obese, a ped

Causes of high blood pressure in children and adolescents include: obesity/overweight, little or no physical activity, a family history of high blood pressure or other heart diseases.

Other Conditions:

High blood pressure can exists alone as an independent problem, or can be a result of another condition, or can cause other problems.

  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Kidney disease
  • Stroke, Ischemic Heart Disease, Heart Failure

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